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Habits and facts to prevent Coronavirus

What is Coronavirus?

These viruses are basically the category which creates common cold to fatal conditions like Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS). Studies have declared these viruses are zoonotic and they have the potential to transfer among animals and humans. The recent research have announced that SARS-CoV transmission took place from civet cats to humans. It has also stated that MERS-CoV transmission took place from dromedary camels to humans.

What is COVID-19?

COVID-19 is the strain of a virus which has been first found in Wuhan at Hubei Province in China and the contamination has started among people from December 2019.

Mechanism of Coronavirus

  • These viruses are positive stranded RNA viruses (enveloped) and their replication happens in the cytoplasm.

  • Through the fusion of the cell membrane of the host along with the envelope, the nucleocapsid gets delivered inside the cell of the host.

  • The entry of the virus is done through the spike glycoprotein.

  • This is the basic determinant of cell tropism along with pathogenesis.

  • This protein actually creates binding to the receptor along with giving the facility to promote fusion of host and to the membranes of virus.

  • This creates the change in the configuration of the S protein.

Symptoms of Coronavirus

  • Fever

  • Cough

  • Breathing crisis

  • Short breath

  • Chest pain

  • Bluish lips

  • Respiratory problem

  • Kidney failure

Prevention of Coronavirus

  • Washing of hand is very important after coming back from a public place, after coughing and sneezing.

  • A major step is to wash hands with sanitizer having 60% alcohol.

  • Complete stop of physical contact with people who are sick.

  • It is always advised to stay back home whenever you are feeling sick.

  • Waste and used tissues should be thrown in closed bins.

  • Daily cleaning of rooms and houses with soaps and detergents.

The story behind wearing the masks:

  1. A sick person must wear the mask during the time when he is with other people. If facemask is creating breathing trouble, then that person must cover their cough and sneeze. The person who is taking care of the sick people must wear the facemask so as to prevent contamination.

  2. If a person is not sick and is not in any contact with sick people, then unnecessary there is no need to wear the facemask as this will create shortage of the availability of the mask for the required population.

Let us join our hands together in keeping our areas and surroundings clean. Let us altogether start taking the precaution to create the major safety. Let us create awareness throughout so as to save the life of the every citizen of this globe.

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